Visiting the Eye Doctor

The 411 On Haemolacria

Posted by on Mar 14, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on The 411 On Haemolacria

From cataracts and glaucoma to nearsightedness, the various conditions that can affect your eye health and sight can be overwhelming. While most of these conditions are common and easy to diagnose and treat, other conditions affecting the eye and your vision can be challenging and surprising. Known for its bloody tears, haemolacria is an incredibly rare and frightening disorder. Unfortunately, determining the cause of the condition is difficult, since very few cases of haemolacria have been documented. Using this guide, you will learn more about this disorder and understand what to do if you start crying bloody tears. Signs of Haemolacria Haemolacria is not bleeding from the actual eye, but the condition does cause blood to mix with your tear ducts, resulting in blood-tinged tears. Although some people with the condition see red when crying, others may only see a red tint. In some instances, a very low concentration of blood is present in the tears. Causes Determining the exact cause of haemolacria is difficult, since it is such a rare condition. However, bloody tears may be linked to infections, inflammation, or trauma to the eye. Here are a few eye conditions that may cause the condition in some patients: Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) Eye Tumor Blood Clot near Eye Severe Irritation from Allergies Infection after Eye Trauma In addition, various hormonal changes in the body can cause blood tears. Menstruation is one of the most common hormonal causes of haemolacria, since a recent study showed many fertile women had traces of blood in their tears. Haemolacria vs. Hyphema Bloody tears should not be confused with actual bleeding from the eye. Known as hyphema, this condition causes the front of the eye to bleed and is usually the result of a traumatic injury to the eye. Hyphema may cause the eye to bleed, but haemolacria causes you to cry with both blood and water. What to Do If you notice blood in your eye or coming from your eye, you should seek medical care immediately. Your doctor will first try and determine the source of the bleeding to diagnose the problem. If the bleeding is coming from an injury to the eye, sutures, medication, or even surgery may be necessary to heal the trauma and stop the bleeding. However, if the blood is coming from your tear ducts, more testing will be necessary to treat the haemolacria. Panicking is common after crying blood, since the condition may seem like something supernatural or horrific. Unfortunately, the various emotions may frighten and alarm yourself and others around you. These feelings of fear, shock, and misunderstanding have caused many people in the past to hurt and harm others, even though haemolacria is a legitimate medical condition. Instead of panicking, schedule an appointment with your doctor to find the cause of your haemolacria. Then, you can work towards treating the underlying cause to prevent further blood in your tears. Treatment Your ophthalmologist will need to complete a series of tests on the eye to find the cause of your bleeding. A simple vision exam is sufficient for diagnosing an eye infection, such as pink eye, but an microscopic camera will be used to take detailed photographs of the eye and surrounding area. MRIs may also be necessary to determine if you have any tumors...

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The Parent’s Guide To Child Eye Care

Posted by on Dec 16, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on The Parent’s Guide To Child Eye Care

According to a recent study, 66 % of Americans require some form of corrective vision. Only 48 % of parents, however, have taken their child or children to see an optometrist or ophthalmologist.   If your child is living without the corrective vision they need, they might struggle to keep up in classroom and when playing their favorite sport.  Here’s a quick parent’s guide to help your child get the corrective vision they need to succeed: Classroom If your child is struggling to see clearly, they may struggle to learn. About 80 % of the educational information your child is exposed to at school is visual. It is imperative to schedule an annual appointment with a trusted optometrist. If your child requires some form of corrective vision, however, you should consider scheduling two appointments a year.  In addition to screening your child for near-sightedness or far-sightedness, an optometrist will screen your child for other vision-related issues. Additionally, your child may experience some of the following issues:  Chronic headaches Sensitivity to light Blurry vision Fatigue (particularly when reading) Balancing issues Be sure to discuss these issues with your optometrist before the appointment begins. Screen Time If your child requires glasses or contacts, you should be sure to ask your optometrist for lenses designed to mute florescent and LED lighting. Studies show that the average school-aged child is exposed to 6 hours of “screen time” per day.  This screen time can exacerbated by exposure to fluorescent lighting, which can put additional strain on your child’s eyes. Most corrective lenses can be outfitted with a coating or tinting designed to mute these harsh light sources and reduce the strain they place on your child’s eyes. Sports It may be tough for your child to “keep their eye on ball” if they can’t see it in the first place. Regardless of the type of sport your child plays, seeing more clearly and with less strain is likely to improve their enjoyment and performance.  Baseball/Softball – if your child plays baseball or softball they spend hours trying catch, throw, and hit a small, rapidly, moving object. If your child is near-sighted or far-sighted the optimum corrective vision is likely to be found with contact lenses. However, if your child is too young or uncomfortable with contacts, you may want to opt for glasses. If you choose this option you should be sure to outfit them with a pair of custom sunglasses or safety glasses. Safety glasses and sunglasses are not only built with prescription lenses, but they also feature shatter-proof glass and extra-durable frames.  Soccer – before considering corrective vision options, it is important to consult the governing organization your child plays in to understand the types of corrective vision equipment allowed on the field. Most youth soccer organizations prohibit sunglasses, but permit safety goggles. If you decide to purchase safety goggles, you should be sure to choose a pair with removable lenses, thus when your child’s vision changes you can simply replace the lenses.  Football/Hockey/Lacrosse – finding a corrective vision solution for young football, lacrosse, and hockey players can be difficult. Not only does your child wear a helmet but you must also be cognizant of protecting their eyes during competition. Similar to soccer or baseball, you can always order a pair of...

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What To Expect Before, During And After Your Laser Cataract Surgery

Posted by on Nov 13, 2015 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on What To Expect Before, During And After Your Laser Cataract Surgery

If your eye doctor has informed you that you have cataracts, you’re not alone. By the age of 65, more than 90 percent of people have a cataract. Luckily, there are laser-based surgical procedures that can be used to remove the cataract and restore normal vision. Depending on the severity of your cataracts, your eye doctor may recommend that you undergo this surgery soon, or may suggest that you do so in a few years. Here’s what you can expect before, during and after laser cataract surgery. Before the Surgery Your eye doctor will likely refer you to a specialist for your cataract surgery. Prior to scheduling your surgery, you can expect to have at least one consultation appointment with the surgeon who will be operating on you. During this appointment, the severity of your cataracts will be assessed with a number of tests. These may include a dilated eye exam, in which the eye doctor inserts dilating drops into your eyes and then looks at them with a special microscope, as well as a visual field test, which will indicate to the surgeon how much of the surrounding area you can see. These tests are painless and should only take a few minutes. Your surgeon will also ask you some questions about your medical history in order to ensure you are a safe candidate for surgery. Make sure you are open and honest about any medications you are taking, as your surgeon may ask that you stop taking certain medications before your surgery. Once your surgeon is finished examining you, your surgery will be scheduled. Your surgeon will discuss with you whether you want to be sedated and remain awake during the surgery or if you’d rather be placed under general anesthesia. If you choose general anesthesia, you will be given instructions to stop eating and drinking a certain number of hours prior to your surgery. During Surgery If you choose to have your surgery performed under general anesthesia, then you’ll essentially be “asleep” during the procedure. Your surgeon will insert an IV that contains the anesthetic, ask you to count backwards from 10, and the next thing you know, you’ll be waking up. If you remain awake during surgery, you will be given a sedative (usually through an IV, though some surgeons use oral sedatives), and numbing drops will be placed in your eyes. Then, a special device will be used to hold your eye open while a laser excises the cataract from your eye. You will not feel any pain, though you may feel pressure sensations and see bright lights from the laser during this procedure. It should only take a few minutes. After Surgery Once your surgery is finished, your surgeon will provide you with aftercare instructions. You will likely be given pain relieving eye drops, along with antibiotic eye drops, which you will be told to place in your eyes at regular intervals for a few days after surgery. You will also be given a special eye shield to wear when sleeping and told to avoid strenuous activity for a week or so. Your vision will be cloudy for a day or two after surgery, so you will need to have someone drive you home from the eye care center. The next day, when...

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Seeing A Problem? The 101 On Glaucoma

Posted by on Apr 21, 2015 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

The quality of your vision may already be a priority for you and your family. However, the underlying health of your eyes should also be a priority. While surprising to hear, you can quickly develop eye disorders that may lead to more involved vision problems, sickness, or even blindness. Considering 3 million Americans have glaucoma, understanding the condition is key to preventing further issues. Using this guide, you will understand the signs of glaucoma and find the best treatment for your specific case. Glaucoma 101 Glaucoma is actually a series of eye conditions that gradually damage your optic nerve. When fluid builds up in your eye, it should flow out of your eye’s drainage system. If this fluid does not drain properly, it creates pressure in the eye, resulting in glaucoma. Signs Unfortunately, many people do not notice any signs of glaucoma, so annual visits to your eye doctor are imperative for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. If you are experiencing the following noticeable symptoms of glaucoma, consult your eye doctor: Blurred, Hazy Vision Loss of Peripheral Vision Tunnel Vision Rainbow Colors Around Bright Lights Eye or Head Pain Loss of Vision Vomiting or Nausea Initially, your ophthalmologist will conduct a tonometry, a painless procedure that measures your eye’s internal pressure. In addition, your doctor will conduct a vison exam, and an inspection of the optic nerve and cornea. Medicated Treatment There is no cure for glaucoma. However, you can manage the disorder’s symptoms and prevent further damage using a variety of treatments. Here are a few treatment options your doctor may recommend: Eye Drops – In most cases, your doctor will prescribe medicated eye drops to begin glaucoma treatment. Used to increase the outflow of fluid and reduce the amount of pressure in your eye, drops are effective for many patients. To prevent side effects related to these medicated drops, minimize the absorption into your blood stream by holding your eye closed for 2 minutes after application. Then, lightly press the corner of your eye, nearest to your nose, to close off the tear duct. Oral Medications – Your doctor may prescribe a series of oral medications to reduce the pressure in your eye. You may need to  use the eye drops while taking an oral medicine orally. Surgical Treatments If eye drops are not effective, surgery may be your best option. Fortunately, there are a few different surgical procedures available to treat glaucoma. Available as an outpatient procedure, laser surgery is a common option for patients with glaucoma. After numbing the eye and surrounding area, your doctor will use a laser to open ducts to improve fluid flow, resulting in an improved eye pressure. If medicine and laser surgery is not helpful, a trabeculectomy will be necessary. Also known as a filtering surgery, the procedure surgically opens eye ducts to relieve pressure in the eye. While an invasive procedure, a trabeculectomy can help treat glaucoma to prevent further complications. Natural Treatments If you prefer to treat your glaucoma without medications and invasive surgeries, consider these natural options: Diet and Exercise – An estimated 16 million Americans have diabetes, which increases your risk of developing glaucoma. By following a healthy diet and exercise plan, you not only treat your diabetes, but also improve your overall eye health. Reduce your...

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Your Eye Health: Common Risk Factors And Symptoms Of Cataracts

Posted by on Mar 2, 2015 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Over half of the senior citizens in the U.S. develop a cataract by the time they are 80. However, the condition also affects younger people, even children. Since there are many successful treatments for cataracts, you should not wait until your eyes begin to suffer severe symptoms before seeking medical attention for cataract-impaired vision. Instead of being passive about your eye health, you should educate yourself on the symptoms and risk factors of cataracts. Changes in Vision When your eye lens becomes clouded and thickens, preventing light from passing through to reach your retina, you have a cataract. At first, the opaque area of the lens may be limited to small area of the lens. As time passes, it is possible for the cataract to spread over the entire lens making vision out of the affected eye blurry. As soon as you notice that your vision is dull, you should schedule an exam with an ophthalmologist, a medical doctor that specializes in eye diseases. Your optometrist may be able to refer you to a reputable ophthalmologist that performs routine cataract surgery. Light Sensitivity and Color Issues If you begin to notice that normal lighting seems too bright or feels like it has a glare, make an appointment to talk to an eye doctor about your increased sensitivity to light. This hypersensitivity may also be accompanied by an inability to distinguish colors. While you may not go completely color blind, bright hues might seem faded and hard to distinguish if you are suffering from cataracts. Some people attempt to relieve these symptoms by wearing anti-glare glasses or sunglasses to block bright light. However, as cataracts worsen these stopgap measures will cease to be effective. Eye Injuries Athletes that suffer eye injuries, and anyone who experiences serious electric shock, are at risk for developing cataracts, even years after a traumatic incident. In some cases, the cataract may remain small and never seriously impede your vision. However, cataracts from traumatic injuries can also progress at a rapid pace and require treatment Common Risk Factors While cataracts can develop out of the blue, even if you have enjoyed perfect eyesight all your life, you can increase your risk of developing the condition if you engage in certain unhealthy behaviors. If you smoke, drink alcohol in excess, take steroids, use diuretics frequently or spend a lot of time in the sunlight, you are at risk for cataracts. Some types of medications, including tranquilizers, also affect cataract development. In addition, cataracts are among the major eye problems that affect people who suffer from diabetes. If you suffer from diabetes, it is crucial to follow your doctor’s orders for getting regular eye exams so you cataracts can be detected early. Age-related Risks As you age, the structure of your eye lens changes. While experts are not exactly sure why cataracts develop, senior citizens are disproportionately affected by the condition. Cataract surgery for seniors is common and is an effective and safe way of handling the condition. In fact, you can undergo the procedure as an outpatient. During surgery, an ophthalmologist makes an incision on the side of the cornea to remove the cataract-affected lens via suction. The diseased lens is replaced with an artificial lens. The artificial lens becomes a permanent part of the eye and...

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